stichting werken met Goldstein


Social Skills
Anger Control Training Moral Reasoning


The first component of ARTŪ is Skillstreaming, a set of procedures designed to enhance prosocial skill levels. Skills are being learned in small groups by:

1. Modeling
2. Role-playing
3. Performance feedback
4. Generalization training

1. Modeling

The participants are shown several examples of expert use of the behaviors that constitute the skills in which they are deficient. The skill can be modeled by the trainer or by using the examples on DVD.
More effective modeling will occur when the model:

2. Role-playing

Trainees are given several guided opportunities to practice and rehearse the skills.
At first trainees will have to make an attempt to imitate (parts of) the modeled skill. Gradually, the trainer will demand more of the trainees during training. Trainees will have to increasingly reproduce more and more behavioral elements of the skills, role-play situations will get more difficult, and there will be a shift from imitation (of other people's behavior) to a more personal and more relevant situation in which the skill has to be mastered.
According to Goldstein, Glick and Gibbs these conditions optimize learning through skillstreaming:

3. Performance feedback

Trainees are provided with praise, reinstruction, and related feedback on how well their skill enactments match the expert model's portrayals. Rewarding trainees for their performance, already begins during the modeling phase.
While practising skills, there will be continuous approval; every performance of the trainee that answers more to the aimed skill, deserves attention and approval of the trainer and other trainees. Feedback will be more effective when taking these matters into account:

4. Generalization training or Transfer training

Trainees are encouraged to engage in a series of activities designed to increase the chances that skills learned in the training setting will endure and be available when needed in school, home or other real-world settings.
During modeling, trainees will learn that learned skills can be administered in several different (real-life) situations. In the skillstreaming training trainees are encouraged to bring in personally experienced situations. In addition, trainees get homework assignments. These assignments are designed to increase the behaviors they practiced during training, in their own real-life settings.

Transfer training is a key part of the training because, in order to be successful, it is necessary to be able to translate the learned behavior during training to every day and real-life situations.